Our reasons for doing this, ice would be a source of water, oxygen and fuel. Useful for our lunar post.
Speaking of lunar posts; let’s take a look at what NASA has planned, at least the preliminary plans and think it through fir ourselves. (Although with all the project changes of late, I could see either additions of a computer or communications network to building more research areas…)
Let’s look at specific areas & concerns:
OXYGEN: This is more difficult. Present thoughts are (a) the separation of oxygen from a mix of Hydrogen and Oxygen – but will depend on the drilling operations at the pole and (b) Once the outpost is up and running I expect that greenhouses are also up & running so I hope some of this can be done though plants. (350 plant = the oxygen needed to support one human. HOWEVER perhaps at some point we will be able to mine oxygen rich moon rocks (Ilumenite)
The location that would be best according to what we have considered here would be in the light of the Northern Pole (at least for six months) and I believe there is a rather large crater up there that can serve as both a foundation and as protection. Actually it would be a great location if we also build a super computer on the moon.