Tuesday, November 21, 2017

THE EARTH'S WAISTLINE GETS SMALLER, BUT THE TECTONIC PLATES REMAIN THE SAME...


 The Earth’s waist line, when the Earth was very young, was much larger waistline (ie. the equatorial circumference was larger) due to a faster rotation. It has been suggested that it may even have been spinning fast enough to have "Saturn type rings" around it. But then time happened to it.

You see for four and a half billion years, Earths entire lifetime, our rotation has been gradually slowing. The speed of average day has grown longer by (between 15 millionths and 25 millionths of a second every year) and you probably think that would not be large enough to have an effect, and you’d be wrong.  What we have is a constant struggle between the planet's gravity and its centrifugal force as its angular motion slows. Due to the loss in the Earth Kinetic Energy from all forms of forces acting on it from the tides, or galactic space dust, include the solar wind, also the space weather, the geomagnetic storms, all working to slow it down.

This slow down permits gravity to pull the planet's shape into a more perfect circle or sphere. Like a daisy chain of one thing causing another, tremendous stresses within the Earth and in its crust struggle to fit on the slowly changing mantle. Were the Earth's rotation not slowing, there would be none of this stress, and the Earth would maintain its girlish curves throughout time. Its rotation is gradually slowing however, (even taking the conservation of momentum into consideration), causing its angular momentum to become progressively weaker. Gravity remains just as strong as ever and continues to exert the same amount of inward pressure.

This continuous struggle between gravity's centripetal force and angular momentum's centrifugal force results in tremendous dynamic stress within the Earth as it attempts to adjust to its trimmer shape. The Earth finds itself gradually shifting its shape from that of an oblate spheroid with a bulging equator & flatter pole regions to that of a more perfect sphere. Throughout the ages, since day one, the Earth has been going through this constant gradual change.
The surface of the Earth's mantle, especially in the tropical and subtropical regions of the Earth is becoming smaller while the pole regions have uplifted and become rounder. The fact that the Earth is getting rounder, even today, has been confirmed by the satellite "Lageos" which is being monitored by scientists at the University of Texas Center for Space Research and at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
What it comes down to is an imbalance exists between the angular momentum and gravity that cause the subduction motions of the continental crustal plates due to their crusts shifts and crunches as they continually try to fit what has become a diminishing area of mantle. There are hundreds of GPS sensors along the Pacific Coast which indicate North America is moving westward at about 3 inches per year and that the Pacific plate is subducting under the continent's Pacific coast. Then the subducting ocean plate is replaced by the central Pacific ridge of mantle oozing up to form a new ocean bottom.
And guess what, it is this very activity, this relentless, extremely slow, tremendously powerful, shrinking equatorial region that then cause earthquakes to occur, volcanoes to erupt and the Earth's vast mountain ranges to rise.
Dr. Roger Bilham from the University of Colorado has said that the intense correlation between the changing rotation and the earthquake and volcanic activity suggest there is going to be an increase in numbers of intense earthquakes next year. During these periods the Earth's mantle sticks a little more to the crust, which changes how outer core flows, creating a mismatch between the speed of the solid crust and the mantle.

Experts warn we 'had it easy this year' with just six severe earthquakes and claim that next year we could have at least 20 serious earthquakes, and the most intense ones are expected to occur in tropical regions, home to around one billion people and plenty of vacationing resorts.

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

A DIRE “WARNING TO HUMANITY” – take two



How much does your government love you? Do they aim to make your breathing easier, more of a guarantee than a hope? Are they willing to make the unpopular choices because those choices are in fact the better choices or do they opt to make the easier choice because it gives you what you want right now?

A government is not supposed to love you, want your vote yes, love you? Breathing, well, given choices made thus far, it’s clearly not a future goal. When it comes down to it, in general, people want what will make they’re life better today and do not have much interest in tomorrow. We could have a long debate about why, but let’s just concede that as fact. In general politicians aim to provide a better tomorrow, maybe extend that a year or two, but rarely do things that are for generations to come when it the current generation, that’s the people who voted for them, doing less well. So, basically, avoiding things shouldn’t impact the daily lives of John or Jane Q. Public.

Understanding that, is it any wonder that on the 25th anniversary for the original dire warning to humanity in which 1,700 scientists from around the world listed the environmental plaques humanity faced, that this time 15,000 scientists from 184 countries around the world found it necessary to issue a more dire warning ?

In 1992, the original dire warning was sent out. The catastrophic losses were listed as follows: stratospheric ozone depletion, air and water pollution, the collapse of fisheries and loss of soil productivity, deforestation, species loss and catastrophic global climate change caused by the burning of fossil fuels.

25 years later has the world changed its tune? Cleaned up its act? Anything?

25 years later, in 2017, 15,000 scientists have this time come together and say “Humanity has failed to make sufficient progress in generally solving these foreseen environmental challenges, and alarmingly, most of them are getting far worse…Soon it will be too late to shift course away from our failing trajectory.

Let’s think about this, we live in a world where there was the Paris Climate Accord. Wait, but we’re not in it. The last few years the Great Barrier Reef (Coral reefs are complex structures built mainly from the calcium carbonate [limestone] skeletons laid down by hard corals. These reef-building corals are highly vulnerable to rising sea temperatures and ocean acidification. Slowed growth and loss of hard corals will reduce essential habitat for many other reef creatures) has gone through a lot, several bleaching events, some loss from extreme weather, some ocean acidification and none of it good. The Larsen C Ice shelf collapse, upper ocean temperatures have increased more than 1 degree, the distribution of penguin colonies has changed, decline in the krill (a tiny ocean crustacean resembling a shrimp that is the primary food of baleen whales and other animals that filter their food from seawater. ), and underneath all that ice that’s no longer there are nearly 100 volcanos – which is another climate change nightmare. We’ve had storms that are stronger, bigger, and more destructive than ever. But we are the one country in the world that hasn’t signed the Paris Accord. Remember what I said in the second paragraph? Well, as long as it is believed by politicians that people want what will make they’re life better today and do not have much interest in tomorrow than nothing will ever change. Even though, and I am not positive, but I know it in my gut, the pentagon has to prepare for Climate Change because it is a major threat.


It is a major threat-that’s why 15,000 scientists just sent you a dire warning.

Monday, November 6, 2017

SOMETHING TO QUARK ABOUT!


First I’ll make a statement, then I’ll explain, but hold on to your periodic tables as it’s a doozy!
Fusing heavy quarks can produce 8 times more energy than Nuclear Fusion.
Hmmm. Okay, so remember how Nuclear Fission was all we could do a while back? Remember Three Mile Island and that sort? Then we thought nuclear fusion was the answer. After all, Fusion is what powers our Sun. Take some atoms of Tritium and Deuterium (isotopes of hydrogen, Hydrogen-3 and Hydrogen-2, respectively) bring them together under extreme pressure and temperature to produce a neutron and a helium isotope. And voila; an enormous amount of energy is released, many times the amount produced from fission. Well, move over fusion, and move up quarks.

So what is a quark? You know how everything we know about gets smaller and smaller as we obtain more advanced ways of looking? Heck, quarks were no more than a theory in 1964. Well, Quarks were completely accepted by the 1070’s. They are the most basic building blocks of matter. Where are they? The protons and neutrons that make up matter are composed of quarks. Unlike protons and electrons, which have charges of +1 and -1, however, quarks have fractional electric charge. Quarks that are joined together form composite particles called hadrons. Quarks come in six flavors namely: up, down, top, bottom, strange and charm. Fun, right?
And the fusion of Quarks can produce massive amount of energy. It has been shown in a new study that two bottom quarks could theoretically fuse together in a powerful flash that can result in massive amount of energy that can spill out into the universe. The amount of energy? The fusion of two bottom quarks will produce will produce 138 megaelectronvolts (MeV), that’s eight times the amount of energy in an individual nuclear fusion event in a hydrogen bomb.


Now, the next logical question or statement if you think about the human experience is, can they make a bomb from it? I mean that’s where “they” always go.  No. We’re safe, at least from that! A nuclear fusion event occurs only in a reactor (unlike fission a pure fusion does not daisy chain) or a hydrogen bomb as it is a chain reaction in a mass of particles, hence creating a bunch of energy. This is not possible simply by melting heavy quarks, basically because the raw materials cannot be accumulated in the melting process.

Monday, October 30, 2017

Interstellar Surprise Visitor


https://static01.nyt.com/science/gifs/comet20171025-16.gif

It wasn’t really that big – only about a quarter of a mile long. And yes it was going somewhat fast, say 55 miles per second. (Actually, too fast to get caught in the Suns gravity.) It was unexpected, ask anyone from Rob Werk at University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy, to NASA’s JPL to Europe’s ESA. It was also from outside of this solar system. This interstellar visito, or small space rock, or A/2017 U1 as it is known, slipped in, and is trying to slip out just as quickly.

 

It was discovered on October 19 by Dr. Weryk when he was reviewing images captured by the Pan STARRS 1 telescope, located on the island of Maui. While first thoughts were of an NEO (near Earth object), it was soon realized that it was both too fast and it moved a tad differently than either a comet or asteroid. It was alien. (ie. not of this solar system)

Oddly enough, such an occurrence has been predicted, just never recorded. You see in astrodynamics or celestial mechanics, a hyperbolic trajectory is the trajectory of an object around a central body with enough speed to escape the central object's gravitational pull. The name comes from the fact that if one were to look to Newtonian theory such an orbit would be likened the shape of a hyperbola.

For the past few days Dr. Farnocchia, a navigational engineer for NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. , has been calculating the strange object’s path. He spoke of it having a hyperbolic orbitand said that shows that it came from outside the solar system and will leave the solar system.

And so now it’s moving away at about 25 miles per second and will exit the solar system at about 16 miles per second. To give you an idea of what that means – it is faster than the current speed of the Voyager 1 spacecraft, our first spacecraft interstellar space traveler, or as much as three times faster than the escape trajectory for the New Horizons spacecraft.

It has become teacher to the worlds scientists who now are all scrambling to get as much data as they can before it is gone. What they are looking for? Well, it may be made up of completely different material than the asteroids and comets that we have studied. That and where did it came from?

Why did this Alien Object surprise us so? This object came into the solar system blocked by the brightness of the sun. To this, NASA’s planetary defense officer says that an NEO is many times more likely to hit us than is a rogue rock. Uhm, I am worried about anything that comes flying really fast from an area obscured by the Sun. Just out of curiosity, are we doing anything about that?

 

 

 

  Visitor

It wasn’t really that big – only about a quarter of a mile long. And yes it was going somewhat fast, say 55 miles per second. (Actually, too fast to get caught in the Suns gravity.) It was unexpected, ask anyone from Rob Werk at University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy, to NASA’s JPL to Europe’s ESA. It was also from outside of this solar system. This interstellar visito, or small space rock, or A/2017 U1 as it is known, slipped in, and is trying to slip out just as quickly.

 

It was discovered on October 19 by Dr. Weryk when he was reviewing images captured by the Pan STARRS 1 telescope, located on the island of Maui. While first thoughts were of an NEO (near Earth object), it was soon realized that it was both too fast and it moved a tad differently than either a comet or asteroid. It was alien. (ie. not of this solar system)

Oddly enough, such an occurrence has been predicted, just never recorded. You see in astrodynamics or celestial mechanics, a hyperbolic trajectory is the trajectory of an object around a central body with enough speed to escape the central object's gravitational pull. The name comes from the fact that if one were to look to Newtonian theory such an orbit would be likened the shape of a hyperbola.

For the past few days Dr. Farnocchia, a navigational engineer for NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. , has been calculating the strange object’s path. He spoke of it having a hyperbolic orbitand said that shows that it came from outside the solar system and will leave the solar system.

And so now it’s moving away at about 25 miles per second and will exit the solar system at about 16 miles per second. To give you an idea of what that means – it is faster than the current speed of the Voyager 1 spacecraft, our first spacecraft interstellar space traveler, or as much as three times faster than the escape trajectory for the New Horizons spacecraft.

It has become teacher to the worlds scientists who now are all scrambling to get as much data as they can before it is gone. What they are looking for? Well, it may be made up of completely different material than the asteroids and comets that we have studied. That and where did it came from?

Why did this Alien Object surprise us so? This object came into the solar system blocked by the brightness of the sun. To this, NASA’s planetary defense officer says that an NEO is many times more likely to hit us than is a rogue rock. Uhm, I am worried about anything that comes flying really fast from an area obscured by the Sun. Just out of curiosity, are we doing anything about that?

 

 

 

 

Thursday, October 26, 2017

The Electric Slide – Mars style


 

149,600,000 kilometers (km) or 92,900,000 miles. That’s the distance between Mars & the Sun. You probably didn’t consider solar wind might be a problem when you thought of Mars. Well, it is. And for more reasons than you would think. 

 

Solar wind is a flowing of the charged particles that make up the outer layer of the Sun coming away from the star at speeds of almost 900,000 miles an hour. Here on Earth, we don't feel the impact of solar wind because of our magnetic shield which absorbs most of it. We have the aurora borealis, the beautiful northern lights that are a constant reminder of the particles from the sun striking atoms in Earth's atmosphere, the electrons in the atoms move to a higher-energy state. Then it is when the electrons drop back to a lower energy state that they release a photon/light. But Mars, and particularly, Phobos (Remember the Moons of Mars, Phobos & Deimos?) has no protection. (Actually, scientists blame the solar winds for blowing the Red Planet's atmosphere away.)

 

NASA had been considering as a possibility landing on Phobos and this way they could better control equipment on Mars from there. Also, coming home from Mars would be so much easier as there is less gravity on the 14 mile wide Phobos which translates into less fuel necessary for leaving.  Seems, however, thanks to the solar winds, that might just be a problem.

 

Irregardless of what side of Phobos is facing the sun that side is constantly being pummeled by the charged particles or plasma that is solar wind, basically giving the side facing the Sun an electrical charge. The opposing side or dark side of the moon, a  "plasma void," is created which also has a slight electrical charge. While on the day side, that charge can dissipate; on the dark side it's trapped.

 

Oh, and FYI? When the Sun has a coronal mass ejection or even just a solar flare, it’s exponentially worse.

 

Sorry team, next plan?

 

 

Thursday, October 19, 2017

‘Heavenly Palace’ to Crash to Earth



Did you know Tiangong 1, China’s space lab, translates to ‘Heavenly Palace’? AND that Heavenly Palace will soon come raining down on Earth. Not like raining cats & dogs, more like raining like an 8 and ½ ton metal object. Still with about 71% of the Earth covered in water, even though the Chinese lost control of the space lab back in September of 2016, it’s not likely to be a major problem.

 

Think about it – an uncontrolled crash of a large spacecraft, sounds familiar. Well, back in 1991 The Soviet Salyut 7 space station crashed to Earth. And don’t forget that NASA's Skylab space station fell over Western Australia in 1979. 

 

China provided a general time table for the uncontrolled crash to the United Nations back in May. China said that the lab should reenter Earth sometime between October and April 2018.

 

While the space lab is rather large, 34 feet in length, much of it is expected to burn up during the reentry phase. An astrophysicist from Harvard University, Jonathan McDowell,  has explained that pieces weighing up to 220 pounds could still make it to the Earth's surface.

 

Chine’s space lab, the Tiangong 1, stopped being used back in March having completed its mission. The lab had served as a base for space experiments for 4 and ½ years having hosted two three-person crews, one of which was China's first female astronaut, Liu Yang, in 2012. 

 

Since then China has gone on to the Tiangong-2 (yes, ‘Heavenly Palace’-2) and is currently conducting months of robotic demonstrations. From robotic docking, having the ship leave and then re-dock, refueling, all things meant to prepare them for the next step – launching an even larger space lab into space. Well, that and extending their reach.

 

But back to the Tiangong-1; the station has been slowly deorbiting since its service ended. However, it has increased its speed of its fall since reaching the denser layers of Earth's atmosphere. China won’t know where (or when) the space lab will crash until likely 6 or 7 hours before it happens.

 

Had China retained control of the Tiangong-1 it would have gone the way many other spacecraft (the ones that remain in control) as they are carefully guided to their final resting place -  a place on Earth called the Oceanic Pole of Inaccessibility. It is a 2 and ½ mile-deep spot in the ocean known as the “spacecraft cemetery” (~ 3,000 miles off the coast of New Zealand & ~2,000 miles north of Antarctica.) [side note; this is probably where we dropped the Decepticons.] There are more than 263 spacecraft in this cemetery just since 1971.

 

 

 


Tuesday, October 10, 2017

MR ROGER’s NEIGHBORHOOD & NIBIRU

 


The reason I titled this Mr. Roger’s neighborhood is the name of the gentleman that is propagating this doomsday theory (although theory might be too strong of a word, hoax?) is Mr. Rogers. He is responsible for the YouTube video entitled: “Real News 7th/8th October 2017 - How Much Time Do We Truly Have?”

 

In the “fake news” video, Mr. Rogers said: “This system is very real and is coming in and we are trying to get as much evince and as much information to gather the truth, as the powers that be, the shadow government, is hiding the truth. 

 

Are you familiar with planet ‘NIBIRU’? Yeah, me neither. I mean have I heard rumblings of something horrific, sure, do I believe them? First off, I have enough faith in NASA and/or the billions of citizen scientists across the globe to feel relatively confident. I understand that there may be a planet X and gravitationally there are effects on other planets that make one go, hmmmm, but none of that equals a planet hurling into the Earth. (That and the theory of gravitational pulls on other planets supposedly showing a large planet lurking were debunked by European scientists with more precise equipment.)

 

To put it plainly, when has anyone made a doomsday that even ‘almost’ came true? Of course there is a first time for everything, but I need to refer you back to my earlier statement regarding NASA. 

 

Some suggest that perhaps it is being quiet to prevent havoc. TO them I say, really? Do you think this president could refrain from tweeting? And suppose he did, do you honestly believe that everyone would be that good at keeping a secret? That secret would have to be kept by everyone from the government to the citizen astronomers!

 

The details of this particular ‘prophesy’ speak of an alignment that cannot happen. In actuality a partial alignment is going to occur, and does occur every year this time. It doesn’t seem to be odd in anyway. According to Colgate University emeritus professor Anthony Aveni, who is a specialist in the study of astronomical practices in the ancient world. And guess what, the prophesy speaks of the Virgo constellation - Virgo wasn’t incorporated into Hebrew astronomy until after the New Testament was written.

 

You see, a true alignment is not possible in our solar system due to the fact that all of the planets orbit at varying degrees. (If they were to line up on one access, they still wouldn’t on the other…) Now let me speak to the expected disaster – the out of control tides. Yes the pretend planetary alignment with the non-existent planet could theoretically cause such a thing but obviously if it doesn’t exist, it can’t. Could anything else? Well maybe; if the Sun or the Moon were broken, destroyed, or tossed out of orbit. Sure, if anything happened to the Sun, it would lead to a pretty awful death for all of us, there’s really not a lot we can do about that. The Moon could be affected in a number of ways, and depending on the severity we would experience different effects. In either event, neither is particularly likely this century, so it’s safe to assume that any life-ending event in the coming years probably won’t have anything to do with the planets.